Thursday, August 29, 2013

Speech The Gastrointestinal System



Good morning ledies and gentlemen, Good morning my honoreble instructor, And good morning my friends. Thanks for the opportunity you given to me to standing in front of you to present my speech about “The Gastrointestinal System”, before I started, I wont to say thank you for God, because of his blessing we can meet here in this “english lesson”, in my speech I just wan tell you about gastrointestinal system in the general knowledge.
Ledies and Gentlemen , We need food to fuel our bodies for energy, growth and repair. The digestive system converts the foods we eat into their simplest forms, like glucose (sugars), amino acids (that make up protein) or fatty acids (that make up fats). The broken-down food is then absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine and the nutrients are carried to each cell in the body. 
The digestive tract begins at the mouth and ends at the anus. It is like a long muscular tube, up to 10 metres long, with digestive organs attached along the way.
A large reservoir of microbes, such as bacteria, live within the large intestine and, to a lesser degree, in vthe rest of the digestive system. These bacteria play an important role in healthy digestion. The exact types of bacteria are particular to each person. Other factors that influence the type of bacteria in your digestive system include where you live in the world, what health conditions you have and what medications you have received. 
Ledies and Gentlemen , Digestion begins in the mouth. The food is ground up by the teeth and moistened with saliva to make it easy to swallow. Saliva also has a special chemical, called an enzyme, which starts breaking down carbohydrates into sugars. Once swallowed, muscular contractions of the oesophagus massage the ball of food down into the stomach. 
The food passes through a sphincter, or small muscle ring, into the stomach. Here it is mixed with gastric juices. The stomach is a muscular bag and it churns the food to help break it down mechanically as well as chemically. The food is then squeezed through a second sphincter into the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.

Once in the duodenum, the food is mixed with more digestive enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver. Food is then squeezed into the lower parts of the small intestine, called the jejunum and the ileum. Nutrients are absorbed from the ileum, which is lined with millions of finger-like projections called villi. Each villus is connected to a mesh of capillaries. This is how nutrients pass into the bloodstream.
Ledies and Gentlemen all, The pancreas is one of the largest glands in the human body. As well as digestive juices, it secretes a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. Diabetes is a condition caused by problems with insulin production.

The liver has a number of different roles in the body, including:
·         Breaking down fats, using bile stored in the gall bladder
·         Processing proteins and carbohydrates
·         Filtering and processing impurities, drugs and toxins
·         Generation of glucose for short-term energy needs from other compounds like lactate and amino acids.

Once all the nutrients have been absorbed, the waste is moved into the large intestine, or bowel. Water is removed and the waste (faeces) is stored in the rectum. It can then be passed out of the body through the anus.
Ok ladies and gentlemen that's all about The Gastrointestinal System. Thank's for your attention to listening my speech, and I'm sorry if that some bad words thank you.

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